Call for Papers: Generational Masculinities
Journal of Gender Studies
This call for papers seeks manuscripts that address the changing nature of masculinities and how this intersects with notions of age and generations, to be published in the Journal of Gender Studies in early 2018. Evidence-based papers from a variety of fields are welcome.
The special issue is designed to explore and advance recent theoretical developments and empirical findings in the study of men and masculinities. One key area could be examining how inclusive masculinity theory intersects with Plummer’s (2010) notion of generational sexualities. Furthermore, given that most of the recent research on changing masculinities has been conducted on white adolescents, papers concerning the impact of liberalizing sexual attitudes on men of other race, class and age backgrounds are encouraged.
Submissions should be original works that are not previously published or currently under consideration for another journal or edited collections. Please submit a 200 word abstract, up to 6 keywords suitable for online search purposes and a 1000 word summary outline of your proposed article by 1st March 2016 to the issue editor, Eric Anderson, at ProfessorEricAnderson@gmail.com. Queries should be sent to this address as well.
Authors will be notified if they have been selected for inclusion by 1st June 2016.
At that stage authors will be required to submit a full draft (5000-7000 words in length) (accompanied by a 200 word abstract, up to 6 keywords and a brief paragraph of biographical details to be submitted to the Journal of Gender Studies through Scholar One Manuscripts http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cjgs20/current. Articles will be sent to peer review by 1st November 2016. The issue editor will liaise with authors individually during the editorial process. Final publications must be ready by 1st August 2017 for the JGS supporting editor (Dr John Mercer). Submission of a full draft does not guarantee acceptance; though in the event that more papers are deemed publishable than can be included in the Special Issue, we will seek to publish these in a regular issue of the journal.
Masculinity, as applied to the study of boy’s and men’s gendered behaviour, has been well-examined in the social sciences. Much of the research on men and masculinities in the 20th century focused either on what was missing from male lives compared to women’s lives (e.g. emotional intimacy, Pleck 1975), or the social problems associated with masculinity.
Brannon (1976), for example, argued that the central tenets of masculinity were: ‘no sissy stuff; be a big wheel; be sturdy as an oak; and give ’em hell.’ In order to be thought masculine boys and men were required not to show fear or weakness, to hide all trace of inadequacy, or anxiety.
In the 1980s Connell influenced the field of study by suggesting that there were multiple types of masculinities, each referring to a dominating version that not only necessitated the emotional stoicism, willingness to accept and inflict violence on other men, and participation in masculinized endeavors like sport, the military, and other fraternal organizations. She examined how men benefit from patriarchy, arguing that not all men benefit equally: those who failed to meet both the achieved and ascribed requisites of hegemonic masculinity were subordinated by those who did.
In the 1990s, homophobia was highlighted as a chief driving mechanism of the bifurcation of gender in the west. Kimmel (1994) suggested that masculinity was so entwined with homophobia that masculinity washomophobia. Anderson (2009) describes this as the effect of heterosexual men’s fear of being socially perceived as homosexual, defining this as homohysteria. Highlighting that the fleeting decades of the 20thcentury combined heightened cultural awareness that homosexuality exists alongside extreme antipathy toward it, men whom feared being perceived as gay, aligned their behaviors in anything socially coded as opposite in order to cast off homosexual suspicion. The collective body of empirical research into males and their masculinities from these decades thus highlighted the problems of these orthodox notions of masculinity: its requisites were so extreme that masculinity began to be viewed as a social health problem.
Research in the 21st Century shows how the situation has changed in the west. Homophobia is no longer acceptable among most adolescent male cultures, and this has lessened cultural homohysteria. A plethora of research shows that young males are now far more entitled to express themselves through a diverse spectrum of feminine behaviors and emotions that would have previously branded them as gay; without judgement from others. This includes the ability for young heterosexual males to kiss, cuddle, and express love for one another; to wear more feminized clothing; to expand their notions of heterosexuality (Savin-Williams 2011) and reinvent the requisites for popularity (McCormack 2012).
Anderson devised Inclusive Masculinity Theory (2009) to explain this reformist shift in young men’s practice of masculinity, for which the driving mechanism is that young men today are shown to be inclusive of what was once exclusive to men of generation x, homosexuality. The decline of cultural homophobia has relinquished heterosexual men’s burden to police their gendered behaviors.
However, the rapid diminishment of homophobia in the western world is not germane to the attitudinal disposition of youth alone. Research shows that there is attitudinal change among men of older cohorts as well (Keleher and Smith 2012); so that there is both a generational and cohort effect simultaneously. Yet, there is little research examining the construction of masculinity among men who emerged as adolescents in the 1960s, 70s, or 80s; men whom are today in their 40s or older. This special edition of the Journal of Gender Studies is designed to facilitate research into the lives of males born into these decades, as well as additional empirical research on the lives of youths.
Some of the Questions Papers Address Might Include:
- Attitudinal research toward homosexuality and masculinities.
- Attitudinal research toward towards misogyny and femphobia.
- The practice of masculinity as it relates to emotional and/or physical intimacy with other men.
- The construction of popularity among homogenous groups of men.
- The experiences of gay men in sport and other fraternal organizations.
- The impact of masculinities on emotional and/or physical health.
- The representation of generational masculinities in the media, sport, or entertainment industries.
For more information contact Eric Anderson at ProfessorEricAnderson@gmail.com